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王若飞

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王若飞(fei)(1896年(nian)10月——1946年(nian)4月08日)是我党早期杰出的(de)(de)无产阶(jie)级革命家。他说:“为了(le)(le)保存一个人的(de)(de)生(sheng)命,而背(bei)叛(pan)了(le)(le)千(qian)万人的(de)(de)解放事业,遭到千(qian)万人的(de)(de)唾弃,那活着(zhe)还有意思?”

王若(ruo)(ruo)飞生于1896年(nian)(nian)10月(yue),贵(gui)州(zhou)安顺(shun)人(ren)。随舅父(fu)黄(huang)齐声生活学(xue)(xue)习,1915年(nian)(nian)在舅父(fu)黄(huang)齐声的(de)带(dai)领下,参加“反袁运(yun)动”,从此(ci)走上(shang)革命道路。1917年(nian)(nian)在黄(huang)齐声的(de)带(dai)领下留(liu)学(xue)(xue)日(ri)本(ben)。1919年(nian)(nian),“五四(si)运(yun)动”爆发,五月(yue)七日(ri)成为(wei)中国的(de)国耻纪念日(ri),看着日(ri)本(ben)人(ren)举行庆典,王若(ruo)(ruo)飞等义愤不已,愤然离日(ri)回国。1919年(nian)(nian)赴法勤工俭学(xue)(xue),在法国勤工俭学(xue)(xue)期间,1922年(nian)(nian)6月(yue)参与发起(qi)成立旅欧中国少年(nian)(nian)共产党,积极从事马克思列宁主义的(de)宣传。

1923年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)4月(yue)(yue)赴(fu)苏联(lian)入莫斯(si)科东方(fang)(fang)大(da)学(xue)学(xue)习,并转为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)党(dang)员(yuan)(yuan)。1924年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)至(zhi)1925年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian),王若飞(fei)(fei)(fei)在(zai)河南开展工(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)运动中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),深感缺乏(fa)领(ling)导女工(gong)(gong)的(de)干部(bu)(bu)(bu),特请(qing)示北方(fang)(fang)区委(wei)派(pai)位女干部(bu)(bu)(bu),领(ling)导选(xuan)(xuan)派(pai)李培之到(dao)河南协助(zhu)王若飞(fei)(fei)(fei)工(gong)(gong)作。王若飞(fei)(fei)(fei)发现李培之思(si)维敏捷,办事果断,并有实(shi)际工(gong)(gong)作经验;李培之也看到(dao)王若飞(fei)(fei)(fei)是一(yi)(yi)位优秀的(de)领(ling)导人(ren)(ren),在(zai)斗(dou)争实(shi)践中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),双方(fang)(fang)由(you)工(gong)(gong)作上关(guan)系升华为(wei)(wei)爱(ai)情关(guan)系,于1925年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)秋在(zai)郑州喜(xi)结良缘。1926年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)下半年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)到(dao)1927年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)初,参与(yu)领(ling)导了上海(hai)工(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)第一(yi)(yi)、第三次武(wu)装(zhuang)暴动。1927年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)起任(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)江苏省(sheng)委(wei)常委(wei)、农民(min)部(bu)(bu)(bu)部(bu)(bu)(bu)长(zhang)(zhang)和宣(xuan)传(chuan)部(bu)(bu)(bu)部(bu)(bu)(bu)长(zhang)(zhang)。1928年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)6月(yue)(yue)赴(fu)苏联(lian)莫斯(si)科出席中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)六(liu)大(da),后任(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)驻共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产国(guo)际代表(biao)团成员(yuan)(yuan)。1931年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)回(hui)(hui)国(guo),任(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)西北特委(wei)特派(pai)员(yuan)(yuan),后在(zai)内蒙古(gu)包头因(yin)叛(pan)徒出卖被捕。在(zai)长(zhang)(zhang)达5年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)零7个月(yue)(yue)的(de)监狱生(sheng)活中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),他(ta)坚贞不屈(qu)。1937年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)获(huo)释后,任(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)陕甘(gan)宁边(bian)区委(wei)宣(xuan)传(chuan)部(bu)(bu)(bu)部(bu)(bu)(bu)长(zhang)(zhang)、统战(zhan)部(bu)(bu)(bu)部(bu)(bu)(bu)长(zhang)(zhang)。抗战(zhan)爆发后,1938年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)起任(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央华中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)工(gong)(gong)作委(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)会(hui)兼(jian)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央华北工(gong)(gong)作委(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)会(hui)秘书长(zhang)(zhang),兼(jian)任(ren)(ren)八路军(jun)副参谋(mou)长(zhang)(zhang)。1945年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)6月(yue)(yue)在(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)七大(da)上当选(xuan)(xuan)为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央委(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)。同(tong)(tong)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)8月(yue)(yue)与(yu)毛泽东、周恩来一(yi)(yi)起作为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)代表(biao)赴(fu)重庆同(tong)(tong)国(guo)民(min)党(dang)谈(tan)判。1946年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)1月(yue)(yue)代表(biao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)方(fang)(fang)面出席在(zai)重庆召开的(de)政治协商会(hui)议。1946年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)4月(yue)(yue)8日在(zai)由(you)重庆返回(hui)(hui)延安途中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)因(yin)飞(fei)(fei)(fei)机失事于山(shan)西兴县黑茶(cha)山(shan)遇(yu)(yu)难。同(tong)(tong)机的(de)遇(yu)(yu)难者还包括叶挺、秦(qin)邦宪(博古(gu))、邓发。王若飞(fei)(fei)(fei)以(yi)自(zi)己的(de)生(sheng)命,实(shi)践了他(ta)“一(yi)(yi)切要为(wei)(wei)人(ren)(ren)民(min)打算”的(de)诺言,成为(wei)(wei)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产党(dang)员(yuan)(yuan)学(xue)习的(de)楷模。

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