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《“十四五”全国档案事业发展规划》解读(三)构建企业档案工作新格局

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《“十四五(wu)”全(quan)国档案(an)事业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划》(以下简称《规(gui)划》)对“十四五(wu)”期间的企(qi)业(ye)档案(an)工作(zuo)做出了全(quan)面规(gui)划和部署,贯彻实施好《规(gui)划》将(jiang)有力地推动企(qi)业(ye)档案(an)工作(zuo)走(zou)向(xiang)依法治(zhi)理、走(zou)向(xiang)开放(fang)、走(zou)向(xiang)现代化取(qu)得(de)实质性进展(zhan),形成企(qi)业(ye)档案(an)工作(zuo)新格(ge)局。

企业(ye)档案(an)工(gong)作涉及(ji)面(mian)广,既(ji)相对独(du)立(li),又(you)与其他方(fang)面(mian)档案(an)工(gong)作相互交织,《规划》在部署重点任务(wu)时,ag真人(ren)企业(ye)档案(an)工(gong)作的(de)(de)任务(wu)有(you)(you)(you)些是单独(du)表述,有(you)(you)(you)些是隐(yin)含在相关(guan)工(gong)作中,即使独(du)立(li)表述的(de)(de)部分有(you)(you)(you)些也(ye)是原(yuan)则性的(de)(de)。下面(mian)从5个方(fang)面(mian)进一步说明“十四五”时期企业(ye)档案(an)工(gong)作重点任务(wu)安排的(de)(de)背景(jing)及(ji)其内(nei)容(rong),供大家参考。

一、全面推进企业档案治理体系建设,提升企业档案治理效能

治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)建(jian)设在(zai)(zai)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)事业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)中(zhong)起着(zhe)关(guan)键作(zuo)(zuo)用。经(jing)过“十三五(wu)”时期的建(jian)设,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)机(ji)构的履职(zhi)能力进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)提升,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi)得(de)(de)到(dao)理(li)(li)(li)(li)顺,一(yi)批中(zhong)央企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提升了总部档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)机(ji)构层级,处(chu)、馆关(guan)系(xi)(xi)基本协调,档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)责任制(zhi)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)明确。“十三五(wu)”时期,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)制(zhi)度和(he)(he)标准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)建(jian)设是一(yi)个(ge)高速发展(zhan)期,《科学技术研究(jiu)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)规(gui)定(ding)》《企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)境外档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)办法(fa)(fa)》《ag真(zhen)人在(zai)(zai)深化国(guo)有(you)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)改(gai)革中(zhong)加强档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的意见》等一(yi)批关(guan)键性(xing)制(zhi)度出台,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)电子文件归(gui)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)和(he)(he)电子档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)标准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)、金融业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务(wu)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)标准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)、档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)服务(wu)外包工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)初步(bu)建(jian)立(li),《档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)检查工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)办法(fa)(fa)》使企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)监督手段得(de)(de)到(dao)了较好完善。总体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)来说,具有(you)中(zhong)国(guo)特色的档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)得(de)(de)到(dao)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)完善,但面(mian)(mian)对走向法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)、全面(mian)(mian)推进(jin)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)建(jian)设,提升企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)效能,构建(jian)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)新格局(ju)的要求(qiu),企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi)仍(reng)存在(zai)(zai)一(yi)些短板和(he)(he)弱项(xiang),仍(reng)旧存在(zai)(zai)一(yi)些长期没有(you)得(de)(de)到(dao)解决的问题。在(zai)(zai)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)制(zhi)度和(he)(he)标准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)建(jian)设方面(mian)(mian)还(hai)有(you)一(yi)定(ding)的差距。以科研档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)为代(dai)表的重点领域档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)(li)还(hai)应全面(mian)(mian)加强,档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)服务(wu)国(guo)家治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)和(he)(he)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)能力水平还(hai)需进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)提高。“十四(si)五(wu)”期间,全面(mian)(mian)推进(jin)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)(li)体(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)建(jian)设重点任务(wu)有(you)以下4个(ge)方面(mian)(mian)。

一(yi)(yi)是(shi)要进(jin)一(yi)(yi)步健全企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)体(ti)制(zhi)机(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。探索企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)党(dang)委(党(dang)组)对(dui)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作领导(dao)的(de)(de)(de)实(shi)现(xian)方式,压(ya)实(shi)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)党(dang)委(党(dang)组)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作主体(ti)责(ze)任。全面(mian)建立(li)和(he)落实(shi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作责(ze)任制(zhi),推动将企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作纳入(ru)各级企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)党(dang)委(党(dang)组)年度(du)考核内容。加(jia)(jia)强企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)机(ji)(ji)构履(lv)职能力(li)(li)建设(she)。建立(li)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作分类监(jian)督(du)指导(dao)机(ji)(ji)制(zhi),进(jin)一(yi)(yi)步加(jia)(jia)强对(dui)非(fei)国有企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、上市企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务指导(dao)。加(jia)(jia)强对(dui)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)境外档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)指导(dao)力(li)(li)度(du)。着力(li)(li)引导(dao)开(kai)发区建设(she)区内企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)服(fu)务平台和(he)服(fu)务区内中小企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)联(lian)合档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)室,提升开(kai)发区档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)服(fu)务水平。建立(li)健全企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)职工(gong)、流动人(ren)员等(deng)人(ren)事档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)监(jian)督(du)管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)机(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。科学规划企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)设(she)置和(he)布局,明确企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)职责(ze)和(he)定位,理(li)(li)(li)顺企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)与(yu)综(zong)合档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)之间、企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)与(yu)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)之间、企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)与(yu)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)部门之间的(de)(de)(de)关系,使企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)资源的(de)(de)(de)归属和(he)流向更加(jia)(jia)明确。

二是完(wan)善企业(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)法规(gui)制度和标(biao)准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)。修(xiu)订(ding)《科(ke)学技术(shu)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)工作条例》《企业(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)规(gui)定(ding)(ding)》《开(kai)发(fa)区档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)规(gui)定(ding)(ding)》等(deng),择机(ji)修(xiu)订(ding)《企业(ye)电子(zi)(zi)文件(jian)归档(dang)(dang)和电子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)指南》等(deng)一批规(gui)范(fan)性文件(jian)。制定(ding)(ding)《企业(ye)境外档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)指南》,完(wan)善金融业(ye)务档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)、科(ke)研(yan)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)、企业(ye)电子(zi)(zi)文件(jian)归档(dang)(dang)、电子(zi)(zi)发(fa)票(piao)归档(dang)(dang)等(deng)管(guan)理(li)标(biao)准(zhun)规(gui)范(fan)体系。

三是要严格(ge)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)执(zhi)法(fa)。贯(guan)彻(che)新(xin)修订档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)法(fa)的(de)要求(qiu),健全(quan)(quan)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)规实施有(you)(you)效机(ji)制(zhi),提高企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)执(zhi)法(fa)水平(ping)。实施好(hao)(hao)《档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)检(jian)查工(gong)作(zuo)办法(fa)》,通过检(jian)查向(xiang)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)传导(dao)做好(hao)(hao)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)的(de)压力。加(jia)大(da)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)“双随机(ji)、一公(gong)开”执(zhi)法(fa)监(jian)(jian)(jian)督(du)检(jian)查力度,推动监(jian)(jian)(jian)督(du)检(jian)查规范有(you)(you)序开展,“十(shi)四五”期间至少对中央企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)总部贯(guan)彻(che)落实党和国家ag真人档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)工(gong)作(zuo)的(de)方针政策、遵守档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)规、履行法(fa)定职责情况进(jin)行一次检(jian)查。加(jia)强档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)行政执(zhi)法(fa)队伍(wu)建(jian)设,探索建(jian)立与相关(guan)部门联合执(zhi)法(fa)协(xie)调工(gong)作(zuo)机(ji)制(zhi),依法(fa)严肃(su)查处(chu)违(wei)(wei)(wei)法(fa)违(wei)(wei)(wei)规行为,构建(jian)科学合理(li)的(de)违(wei)(wei)(wei)法(fa)责任认定和追责制(zhi)度。创新(xin)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务(wu)监(jian)(jian)(jian)督(du)指(zhi)导(dao)方式,健全(quan)(quan)“互联网+监(jian)(jian)(jian)管”手段,建(jian)立企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务(wu)在(zai)线监(jian)(jian)(jian)督(du)指(zhi)导(dao)平(ping)台,充分利用数字档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)馆(室(shi))建(jian)设成(cheng)果(guo),建(jian)立档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)数字治理(li)新(xin)模式,推进(jin)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务(wu)在(zai)线监(jian)(jian)(jian)督(du)指(zhi)导(dao),提升(sheng)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)(an)治理(li)网络化(hua)、智能化(hua)、精细化(hua)水平(ping)。

四(si)是加强重点领(ling)域(yu)企业档(dang)案(an)工作(zuo)监(jian)(jian)管(guan)。企业是国家创新的主要力(li)量(liang)。要围(wei)绕创新驱(qu)动发展(zhan)战略(lve),强化财政(zheng)资金支(zhi)持(chi)科(ke)研项目档(dang)案(an)工作(zuo)监(jian)(jian)管(guan),大力(li)推动科(ke)学(xue)数据与(yu)科(ke)研档(dang)案(an)协同(tong)管(guan)理。围(wei)绕国防(fang)建设,建立(li)国防(fang)军工重大专(zhuan)项档(dang)案(an)工作(zuo)协调机制,强化国防(fang)领(ling)域(yu)重大工程档(dang)案(an)监(jian)(jian)管(guan)。

二、大力拓展档案资源收集范围,优化企业档案资源结构

“十(shi)三五”期间(jian),中(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)业(ye)总(zong)部(bu)(bu)实(shi)施(shi)《企(qi)业(ye)文(wen)件材(cai)料(liao)归(gui)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)范(fan)围(wei)和(he)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)保管期限(xian)规定》工(gong)作圆(yuan)满完成,中(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)业(ye)下(xia)属企(qi)业(ye)实(shi)施(shi)工(gong)作有序(xu)推进(jin)。会(hui)计档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)、科研档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)等(deng)门类档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)集(ji)工(gong)作得到加(jia)强。中(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)业(ye)传统载体档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)数字化(hua)率(lv)平均达(da)65%以上,中(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)业(ye)总(zong)部(bu)(bu)存量(liang)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)数字化(hua)率(lv)平均达(da)85%,档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)结构得到优化(hua)。“十(shi)四五”期间(jian),企(qi)业(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)建设的(de)重点是(shi)在重大活动、重点产品、重点业(ye)务(wu)等(deng)重点领域档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)的(de)收(shou)集(ji)上,并优化(hua)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)结构,实(shi)现(xian)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)的(de)数字化(hua)转型,进(jin)一步加(jia)强非国有企(qi)业(ye)形成的(de)具有国家和(he)社会(hui)重要保存价值档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)范(fan)围(wei)的(de)界(jie)定,主(zhu)要任务(wu)有以下(xia)方(fang)面(mian)。

一是(shi)加强国(guo)家(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)大发展战略和企业(ye)中(zhong)心(xin)工作等重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)档(dang)案(an)(an)收(shou)集(ji)工作,全(quan)(quan)方位(wei)收(shou)集(ji)反(fan)映党史(shi)、新中(zhong)国(guo)史(shi)、改革开放(fang)史(shi)、社会主义发展史(shi)的档(dang)案(an)(an)材料。加大关系国(guo)家(jia)安全(quan)(quan)、国(guo)计民(min)生、公(gong)共服务、新兴产业(ye)等重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)行业(ye)档(dang)案(an)(an)收(shou)集(ji)力度,健(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)重(zhong)(zhong)大活动(dong)、突(tu)发事件应(ying)对(dui)活动(dong)、重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)产品档(dang)案(an)(an)工作机制(zhi),着力健(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)重(zhong)(zhong)特大事件应(ying)急(ji)处置档(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)机制(zhi),做好相关文件材料归档(dang)和档(dang)案(an)(an)接收(shou)、征集(ji)、整理(li)工作,鼓励开展口(kou)述材料、新媒体信息(xi)的采集(ji)。开展国(guo)有(you)(you)档(dang)案(an)(an)资源普查,基本摸(mo)清(qing)国(guo)有(you)(you)档(dang)案(an)(an)资源家(jia)底(di)和红色(se)档(dang)案(an)(an)资源家(jia)底(di),研究探索非国(guo)有(you)(you)档(dang)案(an)(an)资源登记制(zhi)度。

二是加强档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)资源(yuan)质量管(guan)控(kong)。加强企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)各门类(lei)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)集中(zhong)(zhong)统(tong)一管(guan)理。继续(xu)推进(jin)国(guo)家(jia)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)局10号令实施,开展第二轮中(zhong)(zhong)央企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)总部(bu)文(wen)件材料(liao)归档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)范(fan)(fan)围和档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)保(bao)管(guan)期限(xian)表(biao)(biao)的(de)修订审核(he)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo),推动中(zhong)(zhong)央企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基本完成下属(shu)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)件材料(liao)归档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)范(fan)(fan)围和档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)保(bao)管(guan)期限(xian)表(biao)(biao)的(de)修订审核(he)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)。规范(fan)(fan)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)分类(lei),完善企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)分类(lei)规则。深(shen)化档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)检索工(gong)(gong)具、全(quan)宗介(jie)绍(shao)、组织沿(yan)革、大(da)(da)事记(ji)、全(quan)宗卷编制(zhi)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo),提(ti)升内容(rong)管(guan)理水平。统(tong)筹重(zhong)大(da)(da)历史事件、重(zhong)大(da)(da)活(huo)(huo)动、突发事件应对活(huo)(huo)动等档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)专题数据库(ku)建(jian)设。继续(xu)推进(jin)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)资产与(yu)产权变动企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)处置工(gong)(gong)作(zuo),建(jian)立非公企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)资产与(yu)产权变动档(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)(an)处置机(ji)制(zhi)。

三是优化馆(guan)(室)藏档(dang)案(an)结构。进(jin)一步(bu)规范(fan)企(qi)业(ye)档(dang)案(an)移交进(jin)馆(guan)和接收(shou)工作(zuo),组织(zhi)开展档(dang)案(an)馆(guan)档(dang)案(an)收(shou)集范(fan)围及(ji)(ji)其(qi)实施细则制(zhi)定(ding)修订(ding)工作(zuo),细化档(dang)案(an)移交接收(shou)流(liu)程,明确档(dang)案(an)移交接收(shou)要(yao)求(qiu)。研究界定(ding)非公企(qi)业(ye)具有(you)国(guo)家和社会(hui)重要(yao)保存(cun)价值档(dang)案(an)范(fan)围,推动国(guo)有(you)企(qi)业(ye)、非公企(qi)业(ye)具有(you)国(guo)家和社会(hui)重要(yao)保存(cun)价值的档(dang)案(an)依法有(you)序及(ji)(ji)时移交接收(shou)进(jin)馆(guan)。

四是加快(kuai)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)数(shu)(shu)(shu)字转型。配合加强国家档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)数(shu)(shu)(shu)字资(zi)源(yuan)规划管(guan)理,逐步建立以档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)数(shu)(shu)(shu)字资(zi)源(yuan)为主导的企(qi)业(ye)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)体系。大力推(tui)进(jin)“增(zeng)量电子化(hua)”,促(cu)进(jin)企(qi)业(ye)各类(lei)电子文(wen)件应归(gui)尽(jin)归(gui),电子档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)应收尽(jin)收,电子档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)在档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资(zi)源(yuan)体系中(zhong)(zhong)占比明显提(ti)升(sheng)。继续(xu)做好“存量数(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)”,中(zhong)(zhong)央企(qi)业(ye)总部传统载(zai)体档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)数(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)率要达到90%。

三、着力加强企业档案利用工作,增强服务大局的能力

“十三五”期间,国家档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)局(ju)开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)了企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)资源利(li)用优秀案(an)(an)例评选,举(ju)办了“不忘初心、奋发(fa)图强(qiang)——新(xin)中国工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)”,出版了企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)编研成果《档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)见证(zheng)新(xin)中国工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)》。各企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)也通过举(ju)办展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)览、出版编研成果等(deng)方(fang)式开(kai)发(fa)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)资源。数字(zi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)馆(guan)(室)建设成果极大(da)提升了企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)利(li)用水平,企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)利(li)用工(gong)作在服(fu)务抗击新(xin)冠肺(fei)炎(yan)疫情、脱(tuo)贫攻坚、主题教育(yu)等(deng)方(fang)面起到(dao)了重要的(de)作用。但与国家经济科技(ji)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)和企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)经营发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)服(fu)务的(de)需(xu)求相比(bi),企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)利(li)用的(de)精准度和效率有待进一步提高。

“十四五”期(qi)间,一(yi)是要进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)提升企(qi)(qi)业档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)服务能(neng)力(li)。深入(ru)挖掘档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)资源,及时精准(zhun)为企(qi)(qi)业管理层决策提供参(can)考(kao)。建(jian)立企(qi)(qi)业重大(da)活(huo)动(dong)、突发(fa)事件(jian)应对(dui)相关(guan)(guan)档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)调度(du)机(ji)制。完(wan)(wan)善重大(da)科技攻关(guan)(guan)、重大(da)产品研制、重大(da)建(jian)设项目档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)服务机(ji)制,助力(li)经济(ji)科技发(fa)展(zhan)。积极探索知识管理、人工(gong)(gong)智能(neng)、数字人文等技术(shu)在企(qi)(qi)业档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)信息(xi)深层加(jia)工(gong)(gong)和(he)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)中的应用(yong)(yong)(yong)。二是推进(jin)企(qi)(qi)业档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)开(kai)放(fang),鼓励推动(dong)企(qi)(qi)业档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)向社(she)会开(kai)放(fang)档(dang)(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)(an)。三是继续(xu)开(kai)展(zhan)企(qi)(qi)业资源开(kai)发(fa)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)案(an)(an)(an)例征集(ji)工(gong)(gong)作,完(wan)(wan)善案(an)(an)(an)例库。

四、切实加强档案安全工作,夯实企业档案安全基础

安(an)全(quan)(quan)是档(dang)案工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)底线(xian)。“十三五”期间,企(qi)业档(dang)案安(an)全(quan)(quan)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)得到(dao)加(jia)强,29家中央(yang)企(qi)业总(zong)部增加(jia)了(le)(le)档(dang)案库(ku)房面积。中石油建成了(le)(le)功能齐全(quan)(quan)、面积近(jin)5万(wan)平方米(mi)的(de)档(dang)案馆,交通银行(xing)在各省级分(fen)行(xing)建成近(jin)2万(wan)平方米(mi)的(de)档(dang)案库(ku)房。但随着形势变化(hua)与(yu)技术发(fa)展(zhan),新的(de)短板、弱项和安(an)全(quan)(quan)风险逐渐产生。“十四五”期间,企(qi)业档(dang)案安(an)全(quan)(quan)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)将重(zhong)点(dian)抓好以(yi)下(xia)3个(ge)方面工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。

一是加(jia)强企业(ye)档案(an)(an)(an)库房建(jian)设与管(guan)理。对档案(an)(an)(an)馆(室(shi)(shi))进行(xing)全面(mian)安(an)全排查,对存在安(an)全隐患或不符合(he)面(mian)积等要求(qiu)的档案(an)(an)(an)馆(室(shi)(shi)),督(du)促企业(ye)进行(xing)新建(jian)或改造。完善档案(an)(an)(an)库房内控(kong)制度,重点建(jian)立健全档案(an)(an)(an)库房日常管(guan)理、档案(an)(an)(an)流动(dong)过程(cheng)中安(an)全管(guan)理等制度和应急预(yu)案(an)(an)(an),推动(dong)档案(an)(an)(an)馆(室(shi)(shi))实现精细化管(guan)理。

二是强(qiang)化企业档案安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)保(bao)护工作。完善档案安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)管理责(ze)任制(zhi)度,健全(quan)(quan)(quan)档案相关保(bao)密审查机制(zhi),组织开展(zhan)经常(chang)性档案安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)保(bao)密教育。建立档案服务外包(bao)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)工作监(jian)管机制(zhi),着(zhe)力对安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)风险较高的(de)寄存托管、数字化、信息系统建设(she)等重点(dian)领(ling)域(yu)实施监(jian)管,完成制(zhi)定档案服务企业管理制(zhi)度和标(biao)准(zhun)规范。

三是提升企业档(dang)(dang)(dang)案数(shu)字(zi)资(zi)(zi)源安(an)(an)全管理能力。健(jian)全档(dang)(dang)(dang)案网(wang)络、档(dang)(dang)(dang)案信息系统和档(dang)(dang)(dang)案数(shu)字(zi)资(zi)(zi)源安(an)(an)全保(bao)密防(fang)护体(ti)系。扎(zha)实做好档(dang)(dang)(dang)案数(shu)字(zi)资(zi)(zi)源备(bei)份工作,完善备(bei)份机(ji)制,实现馆(室)藏全部档(dang)(dang)(dang)案数(shu)字(zi)资(zi)(zi)源完整(zheng)备(bei)份,重(zhong)要电子档(dang)(dang)(dang)案异地异质备(bei)份,积极(ji)探索备(bei)份新途(tu)径(jing),加强备(bei)份工作全过程安(an)(an)全监控,切(qie)实保(bao)障档(dang)(dang)(dang)案数(shu)字(zi)资(zi)(zi)源安(an)(an)全。

五、加快推进企业档案信息化建设,引领档案管理现代化

企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)信(xin)(xin)息化(hua)建设在“十三五”期间取得了积极进(jin)(jin)展,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)信(xin)(xin)息化(hua)带动了全(quan)国(guo)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)信(xin)(xin)息化(hua)工(gong)作(zuo)。电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件双套(tao)制(zhi)归档(dang)(dang)制(zhi)度改革稳步(bu)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin),会计文(wen)件材料的(de)电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)化(hua)单套(tao)制(zhi)归档(dang)(dang)范围进(jin)(jin)一步(bu)扩大(da)。60家企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)通过(guo)电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件归档(dang)(dang)和电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)试(shi)(shi)(shi)点(dian)(dian)对29种业(ye)(ye)务系(xi)(xi)统(tong)的(de)电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件归档(dang)(dang)进(jin)(jin)行了尝(chang)试(shi)(shi)(shi)和探索(suo)。通过(guo)试(shi)(shi)(shi)点(dian)(dian),32家企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)建成(cheng)了具有国(guo)际先进(jin)(jin)水平的(de)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)数字档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)馆(室)。超93%的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)总(zong)部建成(cheng)了电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)系(xi)(xi)统(tong),成(cheng)为准数字档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)馆(室);中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)下属单位的(de)电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)管(guan)理(li)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)普及率达(da)55%以上。通过(guo)试(shi)(shi)(shi)点(dian)(dian),在电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)商务等(deng)领域积极推(tui)(tui)行电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)发票(piao),带动和促(cu)进(jin)(jin)海关、税务、银行、保险、交通等(deng)领域多(duo)种电(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)票(piao)据的(de)应用(yong),大(da)大(da)提高了行政管(guan)理(li)效率,降(jiang)低了企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)经营成(cheng)本,节(jie)约了社会资源。“十四五”期间,企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)档(dang)(dang)案(an)(an)信(xin)(xin)息化(hua)工(gong)作(zuo)将继续发挥(hui)带动作(zuo)用(yong)。

一(yi)是推动企(qi)业(ye)将档案(an)信(xin)息(xi)化纳(na)入本单位信(xin)息(xi)化发(fa)展规划,保障档案(an)信(xin)息(xi)化建设依(yi)(yi)法依(yi)(yi)规开展。

二是加强电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)和电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案移交接收。贯彻落实(shi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)相关规(gui)定,建立健全电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)、电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)档(dang)(dang)案移交相关制度。强化各(ge)领域电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)工(gong)作(zuo),着力推进在(zai)(zai)业(ye)务(wu)流(liu)程中(zhong)嵌入电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)要(yao)求(qiu),在(zai)(zai)业(ye)务(wu)系统中(zhong)同(tong)步规(gui)划、同(tong)步实(shi)施电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)功能,保障电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)工(gong)作(zuo)广泛开展,切实(shi)推动来源可靠、程序规(gui)范、要(yao)素合规(gui)的电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)文(wen)件(jian)以电(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)(zi)形式(shi)单套(tao)制归(gui)(gui)(gui)档(dang)(dang)。

三是推(tui)进(jin)企业电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)文件(jian)单(dan)套制归档(dang)从会计系(xi)(xi)统(tong)(tong)向管理(li)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)(tong)、工程(cheng)技术系(xi)(xi)统(tong)(tong)、科(ke)研(yan)系(xi)(xi)统(tong)(tong)等(deng)更广(guang)泛领域推(tui)广(guang)。积极(ji)推(tui)进(jin)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)发票电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)化(hua)归档(dang)工作(zuo),实(shi)现每个省(sheng)(区、市)至(zhi)少(shao)有10家发挥(hui)示范引领作(zuo)用(yong)的(de)(de)(de)单(dan)位(wei),中央(yang)企业基(ji)本实(shi)现电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)发票的(de)(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)化(hua)归档(dang)。推(tui)动三维电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)文件(jian)及(ji)数据文件(jian)归档(dang)等(deng)难(nan)题的(de)(de)(de)研(yan)究(jiu)解决,促进(jin)各类电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)文件(jian)应归尽归。加强电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)档(dang)案长期保存技术和管理(li)研(yan)究(jiu),创建科(ke)学的(de)(de)(de)可(ke)信存储与(yu)验证体系(xi)(xi),保证电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子(zi)档(dang)案的(de)(de)(de)真实(shi)性、完整性、可(ke)用(yong)性、安全性。

四是加速企业(ye)数字(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)(室(shi)(shi))建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)。推进企业(ye)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)与业(ye)务系(xi)统相互衔接的电子(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)管理信(xin)息系(xi)统。加快企业(ye)数字(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)(室(shi)(shi))建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she),通过试点,建(jian)(jian)(jian)成50家企业(ye)集团数字(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)(室(shi)(shi))。加强(qiang)大数据(ju)、人工智(zhi)能(neng)等(deng)新一代信(xin)息技(ji)术(shu)在数字(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)(室(shi)(shi))建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)中的应用,推动数字(zi)档(dang)案(an)(an)(an)馆(guan)(室(shi)(shi))建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)优(you)化升级。

原(yuan)载于《中国(guo)档案报》2021年9月9日 总第(di)3728期 第(di)一版


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